The amount committed by ‘donor’ governments for the HIV/AIDS response in low and middle income countries fell for a second consecutive year, a new report shows.
The annual report by the Kaiser Family Foundation and UNAIDS, “Financing the Response to AIDS in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: International Assistance from Donor Governments in 2013“, shows that donor governments committed US$8.1 billion dollars in new funding, compared to $8.3 billion in 2012.
Actual disbursements in 2013 increased by 8% to $8.5 billion, as funds committed in earlier years were spent.
The report largely attributes this increase to the accelerated release of past commitments by the United States, but notes that more recent U.S. budgets have committed fewer resources for this purpose.
The report analyses spending by governments who are members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee, and examines bilateral assistance to low- and middle-income countries and contributions to the Global Fund, as well as UNITAID.
Canada, Italy, Japan and the Netherlands all decreased funding in 2013, although the Netherlands dip reflects a shift from bilateral funding to Global Fund support.
Funding remained flat for five other donor governments: Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and the European Commission.
The United States accounted for nearly two-thirds (66.4 percent) of total disbursements (bilateral and multilateral) from donor governments. The United Kingdom was the second largest donor (10 percent), followed by France (4.8 percent), Germany (3.4 percent), and Denmark (2.3 percent).
RethinkHIV is a consortium of senior researchers from London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London, Harvard School of Public Health, Centre for the Study of African Economies and Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford University.
The consortium will evaluate new evidence related to the costs, benefits, effects, fiscal implications, and developmental impacts of HIV interventions in sub-Saharan Africa, in order to maximise contributions to the fight against HIV there.
The aim of RethinkHIV is to find ways of creating, optimising, and sustaining fiscal space for domestic HIV investment, as well as exploring long-term, sustainable national and international financing mechanisms. RethinkHIV is funded by RUSH Foundation.